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Sulphuric Acid is a strong mineral acid with a wide range of uses in industry. Produced as far back as the 8th Century, Sulphuric Acid can also come in a form of Fuming Sulphuric Acid, Fuming Sulfuric Acid, or Oleum. Synonyms of Sulphuric Acid are Oil of Vitriol, Spirit of Vitriol and Vitriol. The chemical formula for Sulphuric Acid is H2SO4.
Sulphuric Acid is used in the automotive industry in diluted form as Battery Acid. It is also used in the manufacture of Phosphate fertilizers and to remove rust or scale in the manufacture of iron and steel. Sulphuric Acid is also used in the manufacture of Phosphoric Acid and Aluminium Sulphate and the production of Hydrogen. The water treatment industry uses Sulphuric Acid in the manufacture of Aluminium Hydroxide as a filter in the water treatment process. Sulphuric Acid is also used in the petro-chemical industry as a catalyst in the production of iso-octane (the octane rating in petrol).
When handling or working with Sulphuric Acid, it is essential that Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is worn. Safety equipment will include safety goggles or a face mask. Acid-resistant gloves should always be worn when handling this material and suitable ventilation is essential when vapours or mists are produced to avoid inhalation. In the UK the use of this material must be assessed under the COSHH Regulations.
Sulphuric Acid is classed as a ‘Corrosive’ liquid and causes severe burns and serious eye and skin damage. Vapours or mists are corrosive and severely irritating. Ingestion of Sulphuric Acid causes severe pain with risk of perforation, vomiting, diarrhoea and nausea. Ingestion may also cause burns to the mouth, throat and oesophagus. Skin exposure to Sulphuric Acid may cause dermatitis.
Sulphuric Acid has a toxic effect on fish and algae. It will pollute groundwater with a risk of contaminating drinking water supplies. Sulphuric Acid is incompatible with organic substances.
For transport purposes, concentrated Sulphuric Acid is Class 8, Packing Group II, Un Number 1830 and the Limited Quantity is 1 litre, above which the transport rules apply.
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http://www.sulphuric-acid.co.uk/ | Saved Friday, November 18th, 2011 - 6:11 AM