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Sulfuric Acid is a strong mineral acid with a wide range of uses in the chemical, paint, automotive and food industries. Sulfuric Acid has a number of synonyms including Fuming Sulphuric Acid, Oleum and H2SO4. However, the spelling of Sulphuric is often written as Sulfuric, although the product is exactly the same. Broadly speaking, Sulphuric Acid is spelt with a ‘ph’ in the UK and Europe whilst Sulfuric Acid with a letter ‘f’ is the spelling widely used in The United States of America and the rest of the world.
Sulfuric Acid is classed as Corrosive. This means that it can cause severe burns and serious eye damage. The body may be exposed to Sulfuric Acid through ingestion, inhalation and eye and skin exposure. Sulfuric Acid belongs to the category ‘Corrosive’ for transport.
Sulfuric Acid is Corrosive to metals and reacts with metals to produce Hydrogen gas. This reaction may be violent or rapid and the hydrogen gas which is produced is a flammable, explosion hazard. Sulfuric Acid reacts violently with water; this exothermic reaction produces a large amount of heat. When diluting concentrated Sulfuric Acid, it is vital that water is never added to the Sulfuric Acid but that the Sulfuric Acid is slowly and carefully added to the water.
Sulfuric Acid is widely used in the manufacture of Phosphate fertilizers. It is also used in the manufacture of steel and iron to remove scale and rust. The paper industry uses Sulfuric Acid as it helps coagulate pulp paper fibres as part of the manufacturing process. Sulfuric Acid is widely used in the water treatment industry; it is used in the manufacture of Aluminium Hydroxide which water treatment companies use as a filter for the water treatment process. The petro-chemical industry uses Sulfuric Acid to act as a catalyst in the manufacture of iso-octane, the octane rating in petrol. When used in a diluted form, Sulfuric Acid is used as Battery Acid for lead-acid batteries in the motor industry.
http://www.sulphuric-acid.co.uk/sulfuric-acid | Saved Friday, November 18th, 2011 - 6:12 AM